WIT Press


INTEGRATED OBSERVING SYSTEMS SUPPORTING CIVITAVECCHIA PORT DEVELOPMENT

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MT190041

Volume

187

Pages

11

Page Range

31 - 41

Published

2019

Size

558 kb

Author(s)

MARCO MARCELLI, SIMONE BONAMANO, MARCO BOSCHI, CALOGERO BURGIO, VALENTINA CAFARO, GIULIA CAPORALE, GABRIELLA CARUSO, GIORGIO FERSINI, ALICE MADONIA, EMANUELE MANCINI, DANIELE PIAZZOLLA, VIVIANA PIERMATTEI, SERGIO SCANU, GUISEPPE ZAPPALA

Abstract

Industrial and commercial, together with touristic and ecological, are two of the main uses of the Civitavecchia coastal area that bring wealth and of course influence this marine ecosystem. The port, one of the most important in the Mediterranean Sea, recorded in the last three decades a major increment of its commercial traffic, becoming also strategic for important Mediterranean cruise routes and for passenger flow. New passenger facilities and enhanced and enlarged wharfs allowed to increment the hosted cruise liners from 50 ships in 1996 to 500 in 2003. The creation of new quays and the extension of the anti-mural dame caused on the ecosystems a direct and indirect impact due to the modification of the currents and the dispersion of the dredged materials. The characterisation and assessment of the coastal marine environment of Civitavecchia and its surroundings constitutes, since its creation in 2001, is one of the main activities of the Laboratory of Experimental Oceanology and Marine Ecology (LOSEM) of Tuscia University, who studied the impact of anthropic activities and the influence of climatic events, investigating the chemical and physical parameters of both water column and sediments. Benthic biocenoses and Posidonia oceanica were used to evaluate benthos geochemical and ecological characteristics and a specific effort was devoted to hypothesize the possible incidence of dredging works on the benthic ecosystem. The results of the research activities are synthetically reviewed in this paper.

Keywords

observing system, low cost, anthropogenic impact, dredging, sediments, environmental monitoring