WIT Press

Reduction Of Nitrous Oxide Emission By A Smaller Air To Fuel Ratio In A Large-scale Sewage Sludge Fluidized Bed Combustor


Free (open access)

Paper DOI






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43 - 55




476 kb


L. D. Korving, C. Schilt & W. De Jong


A full-scale experimental study showed a 70% reduction of the nitrous oxide emission from the combustion of sewage sludge by a smaller air-to-fuel ratio. The experiments were performed on the furnaces of one of Europe’s largest sludge-incinerators, Slibverwerking Noord-Brabant. The results were implemented in the daily operation and they significantly reduced the emission of nitrous oxides without increasing emissions, such as NOx and NH3. The study showed a correlation between the NOx emission and the bed temperature, while the N2O emission correlates to the free board temperature. With the lower air-fuel ratio the bed temperature could be maintained at constant levels while increasing the temperature in the freeboard, thus achieving a reduced N2O emission without increasing the NOx emission. The lower air input also reduces the energy use of the forced and induced draught fans, giving a substantial financial benefit. A simplified chemical reactor model was set up for the freeboard of the furnace. The model fits with the experimental results of in-furnace measurements. In addition, a hypothetical case shows that improving the reactor via a Plug Flow Reactor configuration is most beneficial. Keywords: nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides formation, fluidized bed combustion, air-fuel ratio, sewage sludge, temperature, lambda factor.


nitrous oxide, nitrogen oxides formation, fluidized bed combustion,air-fuel ratio, sewage sludge, temperature, lambda factor