NATURE-INSPIRED ARCHITECTURE OF LAURIE BAKER AND TOYO ITO: A COMPARISON
Free (open access)
3 - 15
ANJALI SADANAND, RAMASAMY VEERANASAMY NAGARAJAN
Architects dialogue with “nature” in different ways. To some, nature is considered part of architectural space and to some separate but crafted to give the illusion of a continuum. For both, nature inspires and the actual interface with nature determines their architecture. An enquiry based on the manner of this interface is the basis of this paper. The objective is to investigate what prompts an architect to construct this interface and how it impacts architecture. The expression of this interface in terms of elements of architecture and resulting form, space, structure and material will be explored in this paper, through a discussion based on a comparison between the works of two architects, Laurie Baker and Toyo Ito. Simon Unwin’s elements of architecture will be used to construct a theoretical framework for architectural elements and Heidegger’s theory on “place” will provide a phenomenological base of enquiry. This will be illustrated in terms of architectural precepts and expression in the architecture of Laurie Baker and Toyo Ito with respect to the formalizing of form and structure. Buildings of both architects will be analysed with respect to their connection with nature. Comparative discussion of five projects of each architect in their respective treatment of architectural elements such as material, roof, and wall and structure and skin will demonstrate the language of each architect in its mode of translating nature into architecture. The paper will suggest that culture as in beliefs, through religion influence architectural thought and has brought out a diversity in approach seen in the work of these two architects which has in turn been tempered by local traditions and context.
nature, structure, form, brick, steel, place, wall, roof