Replanning Public Transport Services In The Case Of Budget Reductions
Free (open access)
L. D’Acierno, M. Gallo, L. Biggiero & B. Montella
The planning of an efficient and effective public transport system is a key element in managing modern mobility both in densely populated urban areas and in peripheral and/or rural areas where the population densities are considerably lower. Indeed, the presence of public transport designed to meet travel demand could allow a reduction in negative externalities produced by private cars without excessively penalising user travel times or accessibility to different zones. However, the recent financial crisis has forced many public administrations to reduce resources allocated to public services and replan related services in order to mitigate negative effects on users. In this context, we propose two methods for replanning public transport services in the case of budget reductions. The first approach, indicated as CLP (Change the Least Possible), can be adopted when the initial services are actually able to satisfy user needs and in some time slots are probably surplus to requirements. The second approach, CFR (Change the FRamework), instead, should be used when the initial services are already inadequate or barely sufficient to serve users in the study area. Indeed, in the latter case, it is very difficult to eliminate some runs without producing a significant reduction in levels of service. Finally, the proposed methodology has been applied by our research group when replanning bus services in the provinces of Naples and Avellino, in southern Italy, where we implemented respectively the CLP and CFR approaches by solving some problems related to interference with pre-existing planning tools.
public transport services, planning methods, mass-transit network design, real network analysis.