WIT Press


Economic Analysis Of Safety Risks In Construction

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SAFE110051

Volume

117

Pages

7

Page Range

51 - 57

Published

2011

Size

665 kb

Author(s)

F. M. Almeida Santos, A. R. Costa & A. Soeiro

Abstract

The objective of this study revolves around the analysis of the safety risks involved within a large construction project, and the respective economic effects. This analysis is fundamental for the safety management and cost reduction of accidents. The case study is the result of the safety coordination of systems, and of the harmonization between the project owner, the safety coordinator and the contractor. The result of this collaboration is and adequate strategy to prevent the risks during the construction of a large hydro-electric dam in the north of Portugal. The project is part of a governmental plan to invest in the energy obtained from hydraulic sources. The dam in the north of Portugal is located in a river and near the confluence with the river Douro. It will have a capacity of storage that will be strategic to the electricity generation in the country. It has two storage-pumped plants equipped with reversible units. The construction volume covers around 700000 m3 of concrete, 600000 m3 of excavation and an installed power of 170 MW. This dam presents a strategic value since it will increase the water supply reserves for domestic and industrial use. It will be the largest reserve of water in Portugal. The safety risk evaluation on this construction project was carried out using simulation tools of the different phases of construction according to the tasks of the program plan. This overall analysis of the risks related with the planned tasks provides a sequence of risks over the duration of the project. The simulation allows the analysis to identify peaks and levels of high risks that are identified. The method proposes a scale to classify risks that is compatible with probability of occurrence and gravity of the consequences. There is also a systematic

Keywords

construction, safety, risk analysis, risk management, accidents, risk prevention, prevention costs, safety plans