Impact Loading Of Ductile Rectangular Plates
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In many industries, rigid-plastic methods of analysis are a useful design aid for safety calculations, hazard assessments and forensic investigations of ductile structures, which are subjected to large dynamic loads producing an inelastic rsponse. This paper examines the behaviour of a rectangular plate struck at the centre by a rigid mass impact loading. A theoretical method has been developed previously which retains the influence of finite transverse displacements, or geometry changes. It is used in this paper to predict the maximum permanent transverse displacements of plates having boundary conditions characterised by a resisting moment mM0 around the entire boundary, where m = 0 and m = 1 give the two extreme cases of simply supported and fully clamped supports, respectively. The theoretical predictions are compared with some experimental data recorded on fully clamped metal rectangular plates having a range of aspect ratios and struck by masses travelling with low impact velocities up to nearly 7m/s and which produce large ductile deformations without failure. The theoretical analysis gives reasonable agreement with the corresponding experimental data for masses having blunt, conical and hemisperical impact faces. For sufficiently large initial impact energies, the projectile would perforate a plate and, for completeness, a useful design equation is presented which predicts perforation energies larger than all of the test data, as expected. Keywords: rectangular plate, square plate, mass impact, rigid-plastic analysis, large permanent transverse displacements, metal plate, simply supported, fully clamped, experiments, perforation.
rectangular plate, square plate, mass impact, rigid-plastic analysis, large permanent transverse displacements, metal plate, simply supported, fully clamped, experiments, perforation