WIT Press


Tensile Properties Of Surface Treated Jute Fibers Under High Environmental (ambient) Temperatures

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MC150041

Volume

90

Pages

9

Page Range

37 - 45

Published

2015

Size

483 kb

Author(s)

H. Katogi, K. Takemura, R. Suzuki

Abstract

In this study, the effects of alkaline and silane surface treatments on the tensile property of jute fiber were investigated. Surface treatments were conducted in distilled water with 1 to 5% concentrations at room temperature (RT) for two hours. A quasi-static tensile test was conducted. Environmental temperatures were RT, 50°C and 100°C. As a result, the tensile strengths of 1% alkaline treated jute fiber were higher than those of virgin materials under all environmental temperatures. The Young’s modulus of alkaline treated jute fiber under 50°C was higher than that of virgin material. The Young’s modulus of alkaline treated jute fiber under 50°C was higher than that of virgin material. But, Young’s modulus of alkaline treated jute fiber under 100°C almost did not change. It is thought that the tensile property of jute fiber was affected by the rate of cellulose in jute fiber after alkaline treatment. On the other hand, the tensile strength of silane treated jute fiber under RT was higher than that of virgin materials. Tensile strength of silane treated jute fiber under 50°C and 100°C almost did not change. Young’s modulus of silane treated jute fiber under RT was higher than that of virgin material except for 5% concentration. And, Young’s modulus of silane treated jute fiber under 50°C was higher than that of virgin materials. But, Young’s modulus of silane treated jute fiber under 100°C almost did not change. Therefore, the tensile property of jute fiber at less than 50°C was affected by silane treatment because of the coupling silanol group with a surface of jute fibers.

Keywords

natural fiber, alkaline treatment, silane treatment, tensile strength, Young’s modulus