The Management Of Territorial Risks: Which Integration Between Planning Instruments, Evaluation Tools, And Certification Procedures
Free (open access)
This paper shows the main factors to consider in integrating planning instruments, the evaluation tools, and the certification procedures for the management of territorial risks like floods, earthquakes, landslides, and industrial accidents. The integration is based on the Risk Analysis for the methodological aspects and on the Territorial Risk Certification for the procedural ones. The Risk Analysis structures the evaluations in three main factors: the quantity of goods, people and activities with different levels of sensitivity (exposition), the probability that goods, people and activities could sustain damage (vulnerability), and the nature, the frequency and the intensity of the potential catastrophic events (hazard). The Territorial Risk Certification structures the procedure in four main steps: the territorial and risks analysis; the production of a structure of objectives and targets; the individuation of strategies and the planning of interventions; the monitoring of the territorial risk factors and the adoption of corrective measures. Keywords: instruments of territorial risks management, territorial risks evaluation. 1 Introduction Catastrophic events differ from ordinary phenomena because of their elevated drama due to the speed of their arrival, the notable difficulty in foreseeing the time and intensity of their occurrence and the large damages which are produced in a short time. For example, the type and quantity of pollutants emitted from a chemical plant in ordinary conditions are different from those emissions
instruments of territorial risks management, territorial risks evaluation.