Sustainable Urban Freight Policies In The Netherlands: A Survey
Free (open access)
J. H. R. van Duin
As mentioned in the white paper of the OECD the main policy objective to be tackled is the development of sustainable urban goods transport . Sustainable urban goods transport should facilitate a continuing economic growth and meanwhile protecting the environment and ensuring a better quality of life for future generations. In the Netherlands various regulations have been implemented with the aim of maintaining an urban living environment with sustainable qualities and facilitating smooth and safe traffic flows. Most of these regulations, like access restrictions based on time and/or vehicle size or weight, have been widely implemented. However, the diversity and different applications of these regulations among municipalities can cause serious (planning) difficulties for logistics operators. For this reason it is interesting to compare and evaluate the differences of policy measures within municipalities. In this paper an inventory of policy measures have been carried out among Dutch cities. The inventory of measures has been classified according to a transportation system’s view. The cities have been ranked according to the number of inhabitants. With the use of a classification of towns into large, middle and small towns a more detailed comparison can be made towards the effectiveness of policy measures. A detailed evaluation of the measures can give us an insight into how policy measures should be implemented in order to reach a long-term sustainable urban goods transport. Also interesting to evaluate on this level is to look at the rate of harmonisation and standardisation of policies between cities. With this respect it is possible to get some idea what the impact of the OECD white paper is on municipalities in European countries. Keywords: cost-analysis, future transport system, policy makers.
cost-analysis, future transport system, policy makers.