The System Of Rural Service Rating In Mashhad County (the Second Metropolis Of Iran)
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Nowadays concerning the improvement of access of the rural population to basic services, most of the developing countries have included some plans and objectives in their planning systems. In late 1999s the supreme council of urbanization and architecture in Iran (composed of 8 ministries and the Management and Planning Organization) ratified a law concerning the organization of rural spaces in three levels of System, Collection and Area. Therefore, locating these three centers, based on the basic geographical location, connection networks, political divisions, administrative, strategic or security factors and cultural, social, economical and environmental harmony is the inevitable priority that should be carried out with no postponement. Meanwhile functional and access capability methods have been used together with local research in order to assess social satisfaction. The present article shows the result of rating the rural service provision in the Mashhad county in 2003. On the whole 7 System centers, 29 Collection centers and 66 Area centers were chosen out of 573 villages and 6 town/city to equip and enforce their operation so that the ground for effective service provision and better access is prepared and finally the complementary relationship or the balance between city and village is obtained. Keywords: rating, rural service, system, collection, area, satellite villages, Mashhad. 1 Introduction Before \“Mashrote” revolution in Iran (1905), there was not much difference between city and village from the point of view of enjoying different facilities so
rating, rural service, system, collection, area, satellite villages, Mashhad.