The Study Of Passenger Transportation Markets And Their Distribution Among Various Transport Facilities In Lithuania
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J. Butkevičius & L. P. Lingaitis
The analysis made by the authors has shown that in four Lithuanian cities including Vilnius, Kaunas, Klaip ė da and Šiauliai most of the passengers, i.e. up to 81.3% were carried by car, while 14.9% of passengers were transported by bus and only 3.8% of them were carried by railroad. Therefore, a major goal of public transport is not a competition between bus and railway transport but the search for effective means aimed at attracting passengers to public transport. This paper considers passenger transportation markets and their distribution between road and railway transport on interurban Lithuanian routes as well as between the above means of transport and air and sea transport operating on international routes. These problems became especially important for the transportation system of Lithuania when the country joined the European Union and had to develop its transport according to the EU requirements. Keywords: road, railway, air and sea transport, passenger transportation, market, interurban and international routes, car. 1 Analysis of passenger transportation by various transport facilities In Lithuania, passengers are carried by road, railway, air, sea and inland water transport. The study of the domestic market of passenger transportation by public transport has shown that the share of transportation by inland water transport is very small, while air transport has actually no effect on the domestic market of
road, railway, air and sea transport, passenger transportation, market, interurban and international routes, car.