Land Use Planning Around High-risk Industrial Sites: The Factors That Affect Decision-making
Free (open access)
I. Pappas, S. Polyzos & A. Kungolos
The new Council Directive 96/82/EC, among other requirements, included provisions for Land Use Planning. The Directive itself does not include any detailed guideline or suggestion on the length of the safety distances around high-risk industrial sites. On the contrary, it allows the Member States and the competent authorities to quantify them and to evaluate their adequacy. The political, cultural, structural, technical and other differences of the Member States are thus acknowledged as a parameter of distinction. The main target of this study is, under certain assumptions, to present a framework for the support of decisions concerning land use planning around high-risk industrial sites. The main purpose of this article is to present all factors which are involved in risk assessment. A general framework for risk management is also suggested as well as the configuration of land uses. Keywords: land use, planning, industrial safety. 1 Introduction The importance of Land Use Planning role in the prevention and the restriction of consequences of major hazard accidents were shown, after seriously extent material damage accidents, such as those of Bhopal (India) and in Mexico City. With reference to these accidents, the Land Use Planning close to installations or areas where the storage or treatment of dangerous substances takes place constituted a new requirement of Directive Seveso II with special report to the article of 12 Directive . In the Directive the requirement from the States - Members is formulated in order to the applied policies for the land planning use to include the objectives for the prevention of major hazard accidents as well as
land use, planning, industrial safety.