WIT Press


Anaerobic Digestion Of Cattle Manure: Effect Of Phase-separation

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ESUS110121

Volume

143

Pages

12

Page Range

133 - 144

Published

2011

Size

511 kb

Author(s)

V. Yılmaz & G. N. Demirer

Abstract

Various aspects of anaerobic digestion (AD) technology have been the focus of research in recent years. Shortening the digestion time with enhanced process efficiency is one of the integral concerns in AD technology. This study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of a two-phase anaerobic treatment system for unscreened dairy manure. Hydraulic retention time (HRT) and organic loading rate (OLR) in the hydrolytic reactor are varied in order to evaluate the effect of these factors. The results showed that an optimum HRT and OLR of 2 days and 15 g.VS/L.day, respectively, yielded maximum acidification. The separation of acidogenic and methanogenic phases of digestion resulted in a significant increase in methane production rate in the methane reactor. The methane yields were found to be 313 and 221 mL CH4/g.VS loaded in two-phase and one-phase systems at 35°C, respectively. Keywords: anaerobic digestion, dairy manure, two-phase, methane. 1 Introduction With the rapid depletion of conventional energy sources, the need to find alternative, but preferably renewable, sources of energy is becoming increasingly acute. Through anaerobic digestion of biomass, including animal wastes, useful energy can be obtained [20]. Biogas plants are expected to be an effective solution to the manure management problem providing benefits such as energy saving, environmental protection and reduced CO2 emissions. Anaerobic digestion of organic matter became more and more attractive in the recent past because new reactor designs significantly improved the reactor

Keywords

anaerobic digestion, dairy manure, two-phase, methane