WIT Press

Chromium And Phosphorous Recovery From Polluted Water By Hydrothermal Mineralization


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781 - 788




431 kb


T. Itakura, H. Imaizumi, R. Sasai & H. Itoh


Detoxification of polluted water containing chromium and phosphorous and its resource recovery were investigated by hydrothermal mineralization using Ca(OH)2 or CaCl2 mineralizers. Under the optimum treatment condition for removing chromic acid (at 473 K, for 2 h using CaCl2 mineralizer in an in situ sampling-type autoclave), CrVIO4 2- was recovered as CaCrO4 and the concentration in the treated-water was 0.3 mg/L, which was lower than that of the standard of discharged water in Japan. The phosphorous concentration in the treated-water, which was obtained by the hydrothermal treatment at the optimum treatment condition (at 473 K, for 12 h with Ca(OH)2 mineralizer by using the same sampling-type autoclave), was 0.2 mg/L regardless of the ionic states. Phosphorous compounds (PIIIO3 3-, PIO2 3-) were recovered as Ca(HPIIIO3)(H2O) precipitate. This result indicates that mono-valent phosphinic acid (PIO2 3-) was oxidized and simultaneously precipitated by the treatment. Therefore, detoxification of the polluted water and resource recovery was accomplished by the hydrothermal mineralization treatment. Keywords: detoxification, resource recovery, hydrothermal mineralization, chromium, phosphorous. 1 Introduction Chromium and phosphorous are widely used as electroplating or metal finishing reagents in modern industries as well as fertilizers, and a large amount of wastewater containing these elements is discharged. The hexa-valent Cr in such


detoxification, resource recovery, hydrothermal mineralization, chromium, phosphorous.