WIT Press

Industrial Wood Residuals: Experimental Property Characterization And Lab-scale Burning Tests


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631 - 642




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WIT Press


F. Tatàno, L. Barbadoro, S. Pretelli, L. Tombari & F. Mangani


Referring to the industrial wood waste category (as relevant in the provincial furniture district of Pesaro-Urbino, Italy), this paper deals with the experimental characterization and the carrying out of lab-scale non-controlled burning tests for selected \“raw” and primarily \“engineered” wood residuals. The property characterization has primarily revealed the following aspects: potential influence on moisture content of local weather conditions at outdoor wood residual storage sites; generally, higher ash contents in \“engineered” wood residuals as compared with \“raw” wood residuals; higher energy content values in fiber-wood as compared with particle-wood typologies. The smoke qualitative analysis for noncontrolled lab-scale burning tests has primarily revealed: the presence of specific organic compounds indicative of incomplete wood combustion; the presence exclusively in \“engineered” wood burning tests of pyrroles and amines, as well as the additional presence (as compared with \“raw” wood burning) of further phenolic and containing nitrogen compounds; the potential impact of incomplete industrial wood burning on the photochemical smog phenomenon. Keywords: burning test, characterization, furniture district, wood residuals. 1 Introduction According to the framework waste legislation presently in force (Directive 2006/12/EC, which is the codified version of Directive 75/442/EEC as amended [1]), the European Union’s current approach to solid waste management is based on the integrated, hierarchic system consisting of: firstly, prevention or reduction of waste production and harmfulness; secondly, material waste recovery, or waste use as an energy source. Specifically referring to Annex I of the mentioned


burning test, characterization, furniture district, wood residuals.