Effect Of An Organic Residue On Herbicide Field Dissipation
Free (open access)
599 - 604
A. Cabrera, L. Cox, P. Velarde & J. Cornejo
The aim of this work was to study the effect of the application of a solid waste from olive oil production (alperujo) on the movement and persistence of the herbicide diuron [3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea]. The application of alperujo, fresh or composted, to the land has been shown to be an extremely effective contribution to increasing crop yields and to maintaining or improving soil fertility. An experimental olive grove located in Mengibar (Jaen, Spain) was divided into two plots: 1. Plot without organic amendment (blank) and 2. Plot treated with alperujo during 3 years at a rate of 17920 kg of alperujo ha-1. Diuron was applied to both plots at a rate of 2 kg ha-1a.i. Triplicates from each plot were sampled at three depths (0-10, 10-20 and 20-30 cm), air-dried, remains of olive leaves, grass roots, and stones removed and sieved through a 5 mm mesh sieve. Diuron was extracted with methanol 1:2 weight:volume ratio, the extracts were evaporated to dryness, resuspended in 2 mL of methanol, filtered and analyzed by HPLC. Higher amounts of diuron were detected at each sampling depth in plots treated with alperujo. The increase in soil organic matter content upon amendment with alperujo slightly increased sorption, suggesting that other factors beside sorption affect diuron degradation rate in organic amended soils. Keywords: olive oil production waste, diuron, soil, dissipation, field study. 1 Introduction Soil amendment with olive oil mill wastes increases soil organic matter affecting soil physico-chemical and biological environments and, consequently, affecting immobilization and degradation of herbicides. The increase in soil organic matter can increase sorption potential and reduce pesticide contamination of ground water [1, 2]. Under controlled laboratory conditions, an increase in
olive oil production waste, diuron, soil, dissipation, field study.