WIT Press

Role Of Refuse Derived Fuel In The Romanian Industrial Sector After The Entrance In EU


Free (open access)





Page Range

89 - 96




321 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


E. C. Rada, M. Ragazzi & T. Apostol


On 1st January 2007 Romania became one of the European Union members. For this reason Romania will have to comply with all the EU directives in the field of management of the environment. Presently in Romania Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is generally landfilled without pre-treatment and without energy valorization. The entrance in the EU has given an important push to the industrial sectors, increasing the need of fuels. For this reason an important option regards the use of Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) as industrial fuel. It must be pointed out that a lot of industrial authorizations have recently been given for plants using fuel oil for energy generation as methane cannot yet reach many industrial districts. RDF could be obtained in Romania using the bio-drying process with post-separation of inert fractions as the percentage of organic fraction in MSW is significant. Presently in Romania bio-drying plants for MSW are under discussion but not yet implemented. This paper will deal with local and global environmental balances related to a partial substitution of fuel oil with RDF for industrial uses in Romania. Balances are also based on the assessment of the Romanian RDF characteristics, taking into account the result from a recent PhD research. The research was developed using the MSW composition from Bucharest, where many industrial districts are under construction around the city. The scenarios presented regard the use of RDF obtained, taking into account the future development of the Romanian MSW composition and the implementation of selective collection. The scenarios concern both the use of RDF in co-combustion as a partial substitute of coal and pet-coke, and in co-generation plants for steam and electricity production in industrial sites. Also we consider the role of the agencies for the environmental control in Romania. Keywords: bio-drying, industrial fuel, LHV, RDF, Romania.


bio-drying, industrial fuel, LHV, RDF, Romania.