HARD-YET-TOUGH HIGH-VANADIUM HIGH-SPEED STEEL COMPOSITE COATING IN-SITU ALLOYED ON DUCTILE IRON BY ATMOSPHERIC PLASMA AR
Free (open access)
Volume 6 (2018), Issue 3
540 - 550
HUATANG CAO, XUANPU DONG & YUTAO PEI
A graded high-vanadium alloy composite coating was synthesized from premixed powders (V, Cr, Ti, Mo, Nb) on ductile iron (DI) substrate via atmospheric plasma arc surface alloying process. The resulted cross-section microstructure is divided into three distinct zones: upper alloyed zone (AZ) rich with spherical primary carbides, middle melted zone (MZ) with fine white iron structure and lower heat affected zone (HAZ). Spherical or bulk-like primary carbides with diameter < 1 μm in the AZ are formed via in-situ reactions between alloy powders and graphite in DI. Microstructural characterizations indicate that the carbides are primarily MC-type (M=V, Ti, Nb) carbides combined with mixed hard-phases such as M2C, M7C3, M23C6, and martensite. Disperse distribution of spherical, submicron-sized metal carbides in an austenite/ledeburite matrix render the graded coating hard-yet-tough. The maximum microhardness of the upper alloyed zone is 950 HV0.2, which is five times that of the substrate. Significant plastic deformation with no cracking in the micro-indentations points to a high toughness. The graded high-vanadium alloy composite coating exhibits superior tribological performance in comparison to Mn13 steel and plasma transferred arc remelted DI.
high-vanadium high-speed steel coating, mechanical properties, metal-based composites, plasma surface alloying