A Numerical Simulation Of Oil Spill In Istanbul Strait
Free (open access)
S. Can, S. Nishio & M. Uchida
The Turkish strait is one of the most important routes of oil transportation. It connects the Black Sea and the Mediterranean, and it enables the transportation of oil produced in the north of Black Sea to Europe directly. The oil spill problem originating from tanker accidents is one of the major topics concerning the safe ship operation in Turkish straits. There have been large accidents occurring alongside a mega city, Istanbul, which has thirteen million inhabitants. A tanker accident in Istanbul strait can be a great disaster that directly affects life in the city. The present paper describes the numerical simulation of an oil spill in Istanbul strait enabling us to estimate the effect of an oil spill if a tanker accident occurs. Using the Star-CD code, a simulation was performed in the transient mode. Keywords: oil spill, CFD, simulation, Star-CD, tanker accident, safety ship operation. 1 Introduction A large amount of oil has been produced in the north of the Black Sea, and most of it is in Europe. The Turkish straits are one of the most important routes of oil transportation in the world. They connect the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, and enable transportation of oil from the Black Sea to Europe easily. The Turkish straits consist of two parts, and the northern half is called the Istanbul strait. It has lain beside a mega-city, Istanbul, where thirteen million people live. Disasters based on the tanker accidents have happened several times in this strait, and it has directly affected life in the city. One of the essential problems in analysing the tanker accidents and oil spill problem to consider the safe ship
oil spill, CFD, simulation, Star-CD, tanker accident, safety ship operation.