WIT Press


IMPACT OF SELF-DRIVING AND CONNECTED VEHICLES ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE: THE CASE OF THE USA AND IMPLICATIONS FOR ITALY

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SAFE190101

Volume

189

Pages

12

Page Range

101 - 112

Published

2019

Author(s)

AUSTIN W. OBENAUF, REGINALD R. SOULEYRETTE, ROBERT M. KLUGER, ANTONIO PRATELLI

Abstract

Studies have shown that mortality rates are directly correlated with emergency response times. Cardiac arrest events, trauma, and stroke are among the most time dependent. Response time, in turn, is greatly affected by traffic and procedures currently required at intersections. New technology promises more efficient flow at these locations. In particular, connected and autonomous vehicles can contribute to reductions in response times and resulting reductions in mortality. The purpose of this paper is to provide a framework and a tool for analysis of these improvements and reductions. Application of the framework for Lexington, Kentucky, USA indicate a potential three-minute decrease in response time with subsequent reduction in fatalities. Extrapolated to the USA, the savings are potentially quite significant. The paper goes on to speculate on implications for Italy.

Keywords

connected and autonomous vehicles, emergency response times, virtual emergency lanes