WIT Press


SMARTPHONE BASED IN/OUT TICKETING SYSTEMS: A NEW GENERATION OF TICKETING IN PUBLIC TRANSPORT AND ITS PERFORMANCE TESTING

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/UT180321

Volume

182

Pages

9

Page Range

351 - 359

Published

2019

Author(s)

MATTHIAS H. WIRTZ, JAN KLÄHR

Abstract

AFC-systems with In/Out technology allow the passenger to use public transport and be billed based on their service consumption afterwards. Up to now these systems have utilized smartcards and a regulated access to the pt-network including a Check-In and Check-Out process. For open access transport systems, new smartphone-based AFC-systems are developed offering the comfort of automatic price calculation (pay-as-you-go) while maintaining a gate-free access to the pt-service. We present the differing system characteristics regarding user processes at trip start and end and the data recorded. Furthermore we illustrate that high accuracy of the resulting trip information is important for the revenue and how the accuracy can be measured and proved in the field.

Keywords

public transport, AFC-system, ticketing, smartphone, In/Out System, accuracy, testing, Be-Out