Hybrid Structures In Disaster Management: Political And Administrative Multi-layered Approaches
Free (open access)
1159 - 1169
B. Parlak, I. Gunduz
A disaster management system requires complex attention because of the nature of natural and man-made disasters. Therefore, not only governmental institutions but also non-governmental organizations should be held responsible for disaster management. Disaster management, requires the cooperation and solidarity of public administration, private sectors and non-profit organizations. In addition to public authorities, the participation of non-governmental organizations is also required in organizing disaster management. If these institutions cooperate, an effective disaster management system could be made possible. Furthermore, regarding disasters in the context of both institutional and individual contributors, such a system can minimize the effects of disasters before, during and after they occur. Therefore, the necessity of institutional cooperation and coordination requires a mixed structure. “Hybrid structures”, as they are referred to in this approach, rely on the coordination and cooperation between public administration, private sector organizations, non-governmental organizations, as well as individual and group initiatives. The creation and management of this kind of structure requires a concept, which is entirely different from the monotonous and conventional policies, practices, and perceptions of the last two decades. With a multi-layered approach, it can be possible to implement a hybrid model. In this study, hybrid structures for disaster management will be discussed in the framework of a political and administrative multi-layered approach. The study has been performed by descriptive and analytical methods, and a synthesis is eventually reached.
disaster, disaster management, hybrid structures, multi-layered approach