Reading The History Of Bastion Castles In Galicia (Eastern Europe) Using The Friedrich Von Mieg Map
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The purpose of this research is to show the usefulness of cartographic materials in research, namely cadaster maps; in particular for studying landscape architecture, settlements planning, and localization of military objects on the territory. Primary attention in this paper is paid to Map of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria as a part of cadaster maps made in the First Military Survey in 1763–1787 by Officer Friedrich von Mieg. The maps are serviceable for studying military architecture because the author, Friedrich von Mieg, gave particular attention to locating military objects during the map’s creation. The author of the research used this map to establish the position of bastion castles and their quantity in the territory of Galicia (the historical and geographic region in Eastern Europe). The nucleus of historical Galicia lies within the modern parts of Poland (Lesser Voivodeship, Subcarpathian Voivodeship, and Silesian Voivodeship) and western part of Ukraine (Lviv, Ternopil and Ivano-Frankivsk region). At the end, the researcher has defined 39 bastion castles on the territory understudying. Besides, the scholar has found 40 unspecified castles that need further investigation because it was hard to identify exactly their type using the map. These results will help the author undertake deeper research about the history and fate of these castles. The discovery gives a clear picture about the castles with bastion profile on the territory and, also, can help find the current location of strongholds and make recommendations about their rehabilitation.
map of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, bastion castles, cadaster maps