WIT Press


Summary Of The Evolution Of The Fortifications Of Santa Barbara Castle In Alicante From Its Origins To The Beginning Of The Eighteenth Century

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/DSHF160021

Volume

158

Pages

12

Page Range

13 - 24

Published

2016

Size

3,510 kb

Author(s)

M. I. Pérez Millan, A. B. González Avilés

Abstract

Since ancient times, Alicante has been considered a strategic location on the east coast of Spain. Situated close to the sea, it is protected to the southeast by the Cape of Huerta and to the southwest by the Cape of Santa Pola. The city lies at the foot of Mount Benacantil, a high outcrop which has been the site of defensive buildings since time immemorial due to its naturally strong position: it was undoubtedly one of the strongest natural sites in the Levant. Its summit, lying 160 metres above the sea, is topped by a series of fortified enclosures now known as Santa Barbara Castle. This paper briefly describes the alterations made to the castle fortifications from its origins through the Renaissance, including the Muslim and Christian periods until the late fifteenth century and subsequent alterations to adapt new bastioned fortification techniques, and depicts the status of the fortress in each period. This paper is the result of doctoral research carried out at different national and international archives and leading to a thesis presented in 2011.

Keywords

military fortification, military engineers, Alicante, architectural heritage, castle, War of the Spanish Succession