Study Of The Liquefaction Phenomenon Due To An Earthquake: Case Study Of Urayasu City
Free (open access)
311 - 322
S. Kamao, M. Takezawa, K. Yamada, S. Jinno, T. Shinoda & E. Fukazawa
Soil liquefaction describes a phenomenon whereby a saturated soil substantially loses strength and stiffness in response to an applied stress, usually earthquake shaking or another sudden change in stress condition, causing it to behave like a liquid. The liquefaction phenomenon due to the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011 occurred to the reclaimed land around the Tokyo Bay area. Urayasu city was caused extensive damage by liquefaction due to the earthquake, and recovery from the disaster is still going on. This paper describes some remarkable damage against the structures due to the liquefaction by the earthquake, and indicates the possibility of liquefaction by current determination methods using published soil profile and N value of SPT (Standard Penetration Test). The authors also carried out a series of laboratory liquefaction tests (the cyclic undrained triaxial test) in order to make clear the characteristics of liquefaction, using Urayasu sand taken from the liquefied site in Urayasu city. Keywords: earthquake, liquefaction, Urayasu city, damage types, liquefaction strength.
earthquake, liquefaction, Urayasu city, damage types, liquefaction strength