Evolution Of The Dwelling Pattern In Urla: Case Study – Zafer Street
Free (open access)
259 - 270
B. Şengün Erturgut
This study focuses on the dwelling pattern in the historical town center of Urla, Izmir (Turkey). The purpose of this research is to examine the dwelling pattern and define the evolution of this pattern that occured during the Republican Period within the conservation context. Zafer Street is selected as a case study area because of its historical potential and location in the district. The historical town center of Urla attracts attention with its housing of 19th century. Historically, at the beginning of the 19th century, a cultural variety started in the town after the consistent migrations from Aegean Islands. Following the 19th century, as a result of the transformation that occured in social and economical conditions, the identical and architectural characteristics of the town went through a series of changes as well. After the Exchange Period, the changes in dwelling pattern continued increasingly following the proclamation of the Republic in Turkey. As a result, new restorations, worn-out houses and functional changes serving the new needs brought about reforms in the spatial orientation, facade characteristics and original structures of the old houses. The fourteen historical houses on Zafer Street are analyzed according to their original architectural characteristics. Since the Republican Period, alterations have been noticed in these fourteen houses. The changes that have been continued till today. With a detailed of analyses, this study is a list of recommendations to preserve Zafer Street and the houses on the street. Keywords: the historical town center of Urla, İzmir (Turkey), dwelling pattern, change, conservation, Zafer Street.
the historical town center of Urla, İzmir (Turkey), dwelling pattern, change, conservation, Zafer Street