WIT Press

Preserving Architectural Heritage In Historical Cities: Study Of The Architectural Heritage With The End Of The Nineteenth Century And The Beginning Of The Twentieth Century In Alexandria, Egypt


Free (open access)





Page Range

233 - 245




939 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


K. Heba


Alexandria has been influenced by resident foreigners descended from various nationals who spread all over the city by the end of the nineteenth century. That gave Alexandria a unique pattern of architecture that included a blend of several classical European patterns, with their diversity and richness. These unique patterns have lasted until the first years of the twentieth century. Alexandria has been altered with the political, economical and social conversion during the second half of the 20th century. Alteration has occurred due to other causes as well. To mention, the migration of the foreign nationals from the city, while reversing rural migration toward the city, along with a highdensity growing population. This led to seriously different and controversial cultural and intellectual points of view. The second half of the 20th century has witnessed a process of destruction to this distinctive architectural heritage. This happened for the reason of an overwhelming spread of concrete buildings and towers that lacked the aesthetic architectural sense. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the value and the potentials of this architectural heritage. Also, to underline the successive individual attempts that have been taken into practice for preserving this heritage in Alexandria. In addition, this paper will attempt to reach appropriate guidelines to guarantee that preservation processes will compromise only by reserving the rights of private properties within an unbiased attitude towards the owners of such heritage. This


preserving, Alexandria, heritage, historical cities