Park And Ride Trips To Work In The City Of Sao Paulo
Free (open access)
395 - 403
A. B. Lima & J. Waisman
This paper relates to the analysis of characteristics of trips and users who drive their car to the stations of the high capacity passenger transport system, in which they embark and continue the trip to their workplace. We study this type of trip related to the accessibility of downtown and with the quality of car parking facilities next to the stations and at the workplace. The transport data within the Metropolitan Region of Sao Paulo presents information about these trips, known as Park and Ride, on the subway lines. Parking at stations, trip pattern characteristics and users’ socioeconomic status were studied. The user behaviour was analyzed in order to model choice between going directly by car to the workplace or going by car to the station and taking the subway to the workplace. A discrete choice model was proposed based on the random utility theory. The variables considered are the difference in total travel times, the difference in parking prices and the quality of parking next to the station. A binomial logit model was considered and a stated preference survey was conceived. A case study was conducted and users of a car parking lot next to the subway at Tiete Station were interviewed. The results of the interviews were used to calibrate and compare the discrete choice models tested. It was verified that the difference in total travel times between the alternatives is more important than the difference in parking prices in transport mode choice decision making. It was also verified that quality is significant to users, and it is seen as higher when parking is inside the metro station building. This is probably due to time savings and both comfort and safety. Keywords: transport, subway, station, park and ride.
transport, subway, station, park and ride