GSM/GPS Based Toll Collection System – Proposal For Poland
Free (open access)
157 - 166
G. Nowacki, I. Mitraszewska & T. Kamiński
The paper refers to some problems in worldwide applications of electronic toll collection systems for motorways and expressways. According to the Directive 2004/52/EC, these systems should use one or more of the following technologies: satellite positioning, mobile communications using the GSMGPRS standard (reference GSM TS 03.60/23.060) and 5, 8 GHz microwave technology. Authors have analyzed systems which meet these requirements, especially in the following countries: The United State of America, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, Austria, Czech Republic, France and Germany. As a result of the analysis, it has turned out that only a system using satellite positioning technology and mobile communications (GSM/GPRS) is the best toll solution of unique capabilities and this kind of technologically sophisticated system should be implemented in Poland. Authors will present the initial structure of GSM/GPS based Toll Collection System for Poland. Keywords: electronic toll collection (ECT), microwave technology, on-board unit (OBU).
electronic toll collection (ECT), microwave technology, on-boardunit (OBU)