WIT Press

Displacement Maximisation Of Haunched-rafter Pitched-roof Steel Portal Frames


Free (open access)

Paper DOI






Page Range

143 - 154




654 kb


H. K. Issa & F. A. Mohammad


Pitched-roof Steel Portal Frames (SPFs) are common structures used in single storey buildings. It is necessary for this popular steelwork to pass through an optimisation process to minimise the total cost of the frame. Optimisation in terms of weight is well documented with different optimisation techniques. However, this approach to displacement maximisation is somehow rare. In this paper, an attempt is made to perform optimisation in terms of lateral displacements. To achieve this, a modified distributed genetic algorithm (DGA) is used to maximise lateral displacements of the SPF while the constraints meet the requirements of BS 5950. Furthermore, software ‘DO-DGA’ (Design Optimisation using DGA), coded by Visual Basic 6.0, has been developed by the authors to loop the optimisation process. Although the appearance and form of SPFs are simple, according to BS 5950, there are more limitations to be checked than in complex structures. A stiffness matrix has been derived for the haunched part of the rafter using a column analogy and a virtual work method to involve this part in the analysis process. Through two benchmark examples, the comparison is made between the results of weight minimisation and displacement maximisation. Keywords: distributed genetic algorithm, steel portal frame, optimisation, displacement maximisation.


distributed genetic algorithm, steel portal frame, optimisation,displacement maximisation.