WIT Press


Capture Flows Of Funnel-and-gate Reactive Barriers Without Gravel Packs

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AFM100281

Volume

69

Pages

12

Page Range

319 - 330

Published

2010

Size

3,843 kb

Author(s)

H. Klammler, K. Hatfield & A. Kacimov

Abstract

Permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) are a passive in-situ technology, which is based on the interception and physical, chemical and/or biological remediation of a contaminant plume through installation of reactive material in an aquifer. Previous work of the authors includes analytical approaches in two dimensions (horizontal plane) based on the conformal mapping technique that allows for the determination of the groundwater flow fields and capture zones of PRBs of different types. Solutions assume that the permeability kr of the reactive material itself is high with respect to the surrounding aquifer permeability ka or that highly permeable gravel packs are present to equilibrate the hydraulic heads at the up and down-gradient faces of the reactor. Respective results include a simple relationship Q(R) between capture flow Q and reactor Darcian hydraulic resistance R. Based on the same technique, the present work gives an exact solution for funnel-and-gate (FG) and velocity equalization wall (VEW) PRBs without gravel packs for the particular case of kr = ka. Furthermore, a numerical finite difference study is performed to show that Q(R) is a good approximation (with errors in the 1% range of maximum capture flow Q(0)) for FG and VEW

Keywords

PRB, groundwater, aquifer, contaminant plume, passive remediation, conformal mapping, Schwarz-Christoffel