WIT Press


Measuring And Modelling Thermal Distortion On CNC Machine Tools

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/LAMDAMAP010061

Volume

34

Pages

11

Published

2001

Size

1,016 kb

Author(s)

A.J. White, S.R. Postlethwaite & D.G. Ford

Abstract

Measuring and modelling thermal distortion on CNC machine tools A.J. White, S.R. Postlethwaite & D.G. Ford University of Huddersfield, UK Abstract Heat sources internal and external to a machine tool cause temperature gradients to arise due to resistance to heat flow in and around the machine tool and workpiece. This causes linear expansion and distortion of the structural elements from which the machine tool is constructed. The connectivity of the structural elements sets the effect of the expansion and distortion on the relative positions of the tool and workpiece, leading to thermal errors on the workpiece. Measurement on a wide range of machine tools confirms that temperature gradients are significant in their effect on machining accuracy and that they move and change shape during the machining process. An analysis of machine tool structures and connectivity shows that both the position and magnitude of temperature gradients is important in its effect upon the relative moveme

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