WIT Press


STUDIES ON CONVECTIVE COOLING OF CRYOGENIC FLUIDS TOWARDS SUPERCONDUCTING APPLICATIONS

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/CMEM170101

Volume

118

Pages

12

Page Range

95 - 106

Published

2017

Size

772 kb

Author(s)

KAMALAKANTA SATPATHY, CHARLES DUBOIS, ALEXIS DUCHESNE, JEAN-FRANÇOIS FAGNARD, HERVÉ CAPS, PHILIPPE VANDERBEMDEN, BENOÎT VANDERHEYDEN

Abstract

To understand the cooling aspect through natural convection in a cryogenic fluid interacting with a constant heat source, numerical simulations are carried out in a parallelepiped enclosure. The 3D form of N-S equations is solved to obtain the detailed flow features through path line profiles, isotherm contours and velocity vectors. The effect of heater aspect ratio (x/L) on the rate of heat transfer is studied in terms of the average Nusselt number (Nuave). The results indicate that effective heat transfer enhancement occurs for a small heater length, resulting in an efficient cooling. Increasing the heater length will favor heat transfer through conduction over convection. The maximum temperature difference across the fluid and the velocity magnitude are found to decrease with heater length. 3D and 2D results are in agreement for short heater lengths, but vary for higher heater lengths, presumably due to the essential effect of the heater width. Further analysis on different types of coolant reveals a constant correlation between Nuave and the Rayleigh number (Ra), with Nuave ~ Ra0.374. Benchmark validation for natural convection in a square enclosure is found to be satisfactory against the reported results.

Keywords

computational fluid dynamics (CFD), Rayleigh number, average Nusselt number, aspect ratio