WIT Press


STRUCTURAL MODIFICATION OF CELLULOSE NANOCOMPOSITES BY STRETCHING

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/MC170251

Volume

116

Pages

6

Page Range

251 - 256

Published

2017

Size

512 kb

Author(s)

HITOSHI TAKAGI, ANTONIO N. NAKAGAITO, YUYA SAKAGUCHI

Abstract

Recently cellulose nanofibers and their nanocomposites have attracted researchers’ interest, because the mechanical performances of the cellulose nanofiber are high enough to use as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites; for example, tensile strength is 2–3 GPa. However actual mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites (i.e. green nanocomposites) reinforced by the cellulose nanofiber are much lower than expected. There are several reasons for the poor mechanical properties; such as fiber orientation and matrix/fiber bonding. In this study, we intended to improve the mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites by controlling the orientation of cellulose nanofiber. The fiber orientation control of the cellulose nanofiber was conducted by applying multiple mechanical stretching treatments. In order to get higher stretching strain, we used polyvinyl alcohol gel as a matrix polymer. The effectiveness of the fiber alignment control has been demonstrated by tensile tests, namely the tensile strength and Young’s modulus of the cellulose nanofiber-reinforced nanocomposites after stretching treatments were increased as compared with those of the untreated nanocomposites.

Keywords

cellulose, nanofiber, green composites, stretching, fiber orientation