WIT Press

Hazardous Waste Management: Educating Industrial Communities In Egypt


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WIT Press


A. R. Ramadan & A. H. Nadim


Hazardous waste management is in its initial stages in Egypt. In this regard, the need to develop awareness and capacities has been identified as a priority, particularly for the industrial establishments, constituting a major contributor to HW generation nationally. Delivery of capacity building programs for HW management to these communities has led to the development of a methodology suited to the particularities of this area in Egypt, ensuring both the effectiveness and success of these programs. Based on accumulated experience in this regard, an educational CD has also been developed. The elements of this methodology are presented, followed by an overall description of the CD. Keywords: hazardous waste management, capacity building, Egypt. 1 Introduction Environmental protection became a priority in Egypt over the last decade. One of the primary aims of the Egyptian Law 4 for the Environment, issued in 1994, is the reduction of pollution from industrial sources. The industrial sector in Egypt contributes to about 20% of the Egyptian GDP and employs approximately 15% of the workforce [1]. Moreover, it is the primary generator of hazardous waste (HW) [2]. Promoting and ensuring compliance to the legal stipulations in this regard is a necessity. As the implementation of proper HW management practices is relatively new in Egypt, there has been a need to build the capacity of all concerned parties with a strong focus on HW generators. In this regard, the development and delivery of targeted awareness and capacity building programs for the industrial communities in Egypt came to be recognized as an effective tool in educating such communities about their responsibilities as well as best


hazardous waste management, capacity building, Egypt.