Performance Standards And Residential Energy Efficiency In Egypt
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The Egypt Organization for Energy Planning (OEP) has put in place energy efficiency labels and standards to increase energy efficiency in the residential sector. In the first phase, energy efficiency standards were put in place for three household appliances – refrigerators, washing machines and air conditioners. In the second phase, energy efficiency labels and standards are being considered for three more end use technologies – electric water heaters, electric lighting and electric motors. The purpose of this paper is to report on an impact evaluation of recent Egyptian minimum energy performance standards for residential appliances. Keywords: energy conservation, program evaluation, energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions. 1 Introduction Egypt has considerable endowments of energy resources including natural gas, petroleum and hydro-electric power. As a result of investments in the energy sector and strong and increasing demand, the rate of growth of primary energy production has more than kept pace with the growth of population over the past twenty years. The Government of Egypt has historically kept energy prices at below world levels to foster economic development and to provide economic benefits to residential energy consumers. As result, energy use is at a relatively high level compared to many other countries with similar levels of income or GDP per capita. With respect to electricity prices, tariffs have been quite low although the Government of Egypt has made efforts to increase electricity prices to reduce the gap between selling prices and long-term supply costs. Various estimates suggest
energy conservation, program evaluation, energy efficiency, greenhouse gas emissions.