WIT Press

Evaluation Of A Parking Lot Bioretention Cell For Removal Of Stormwater Pollutants


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WIT Press


C. Glass & S. Bissouma


Bioretention is used to retain and treat urban stormwater, which has been identified by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as one of the most significant forms of water pollution. In this study, the efficiency of a bioretention facility in terms of temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, nutrients, and heavy metals removal over a period of 15 rain events was evaluated. This was performed by collecting representative samples of the stormwater runoff for laboratory analysis of both the influent to and the effluent from the bioretention cell. The bioretention was efficient in terms of pollutant removal in the following order: TSS (~ 98%) > Zn (~ 80%) > Cu (~ 75%) > Pb (~ 71%) > Cd (~ 70%) > NH3-N (~65%) > Fe (~ 51%) > Cr (~ 42%) > NO - 2-N (~ 27%) > Al (~ 17%) > PO 3- 4-P (~3%). From the field results Cu (II), Zn (II) and Pb (II) were removed significantly at 81%, 79% and 75%. The field results indicate that bioretention facilities can be effective for the removal of heavy metals in the following order: Cu > Zn > Pb > Cd > Fe > Cr > Al. Although the removal efficiency for this actual field bioretention cell was not has high as previously reported laboratory and field evaluations, removal of pollutants was significant. Organic matter and plants were believed to be the dominant bioretention elements for the removal of heavy metals. Keywords: bioretention, stormwater, heavy metals, adsorption. 1 Introduction Combined sewer overflows (CSO) continue to occur throughout major cities in the Northeast, Great Lakes, and Northwest regions of the U.S., primarily as a result of rainwater that is diverted from roads, parking lots, and the roofs of buildings during storm events [1]. The rapid transport of water away from the


bioretention, stormwater, heavy metals, adsorption.