Geoplastics Method As A Tool For Disturbed Territories Rehabilitation
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Disturbed territory is a landscape disordered in such a way that it cannot be used by society before it is reclaimed. In landscaping, relief is of crucial importance. Relief directs the flows of materials in natural landscapes. The ordinary way of reclamation in Russia is based on a level relief. The author’s experience shows that the folded surface is more effective for the reclamation. Creating of a folded relief with the purpose of the disturbed landscape restoration is a special method which I call the geoplastics. This method allows us to direct the landscape material flows and concentrate them in accumulative cells, to balance the relationship of the warmth, moisture, and fine grains of soil minerals. Thus, this method creates proper conditions for bioproductivity and biodiversity. A series of the author’s projects confirm the reliability and effectiveness of the geoplastic method as a tool in fighting entropy of the landscapes disturbed by man. Keywords: disturbed landscapes, folded restoration relief, control of the landscape material flows, order of the landscaping energy. 1 Introduction Disturbed territories are a result of economic activity that has changed this territory in such a way that it can’t be used by the society unless they are reclaimed. The disturbed landscapes have a negative impact on the environment. Disturbed territories and urban territories have the same area in Russia. In the former USSR, it was more than 7 million hectares . The general feature of disturbed territories is that the correlations of the landscape’s components such as rocks, waters, soils, and vegetation, are changed critically. The technology of disturbed territories reclamation consists of two steps. The technical step is vertical alignment of the disturbed surface. The biological step is formation of the soil-vegetation cover.
disturbed landscapes, folded restoration relief, control of the landscape material flows, order of the landscaping energy.