Viable And Sustainable Alternatives For Post-consumed Oil Packages
Free (open access)
L. H. S. M. Xavier, R. S. Cardoso, R. M. B. Matos, R. Valle & P. L. González-Torre
In recent years, the increase in the number of vehicles has led to a major consumption of fuel and lubricants. Considerable amounts of lubricant oil and their packages are sent to waste deposits every year. On the other hand, the main oil industries in the world are looking at analyzing different alternatives to solve this kind of problem. Effective strategies for environmental management of residual oil waste and the lubricant oil packages are being studied in order to give the desired information to stakeholders all over the world. In Brazil, different states of the country bring possible solutions to this question through setting a solid waste management policy. Nevertheless, some specificities are not considered properly. This work brings an evaluation of possible perspectives for oil package disposal. In this paper, after a brief discussion about environment-related questions, 21 disposal alternatives for post-consumed lubricant oil packages were identified, 5 of which were considered viable. We concluded that economical, social and environmental aspects have great influence in the decision for each alternative considered in this work. Keywords: environmental management, life cycle, reverse logistics. 1 Introduction Manufacturing offers numerous products intended to meet human needs, but at the same time it generates many hazardous by-products. Environmental policy is an interesting indicator of waste disposal problems , such as: emissions of substances and waste streams, dispersion in the
environmental management, life cycle, reverse logistics.