The Role Of Technologies Of The Information And The Communication In The Sustainable Planning
Free (open access)
J A Hoyuela
The new information society or informational society generates a new setting for the urban and territorial planning. Jhon Friedman  affirms that the planning is basically an information management problem. In a world in which the wars, the social events, the culture or the leisure can be seen in live through the mass media, including internet, where new relations and tasks no longer require the physical presence neither the displacement of persons or means, where the information has become middle and finality of transactions', is necessary to present the role of the technologies of the information and communication into the planning discipline. The ICT affect us in a twofold perspective. The ICT in the society provokes changes in the ways of occupation and uses of the territory, that alter completely the basic elements of our analysis: the nature and the city and its interrelations. By another side, is necessary to deepen on the paper of the ICT during the processes of elaboration of the plans. The new society requires the adoption of decisions in "real cheats". The flexible modification of the planning being adapted to the opportunities and to the decisions that they generates the tendencies evaluated upon the territory. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), cellulars of last generation (DGPRS, UMTS), digital television, database relational systems, satellite global positioning systems (GPS and Eureka) and other technologies (PDA, Map Servers, Internet) are converging in a digital world where the information is capable of modifying our systems of relations and our job, being becoming fundamental factor of our lives.