WIT Press


Economics Of Integrated Pollution Prevention Policies: Introductory Remarks

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/AIR010011

Volume

47

Pages

10

Published

2001

Size

685 kb

Author(s)

F. Becchis

Abstract

Economics of integrated pollution prevention policies: introductory remarks F. Becchis Foundation for the Environment, Turin and University of Eastern Piedmont, Alessandria, Italy Abstract The European directive on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC, council directive 96/61/EC) sets new approaches to authorization for large sources of pollution. The core of IPPC refers to technology-related emission limits (EL); the technology considered in order to establish EL can be BAT (Best Available Techniques), BATNEEC (Best Available Techniques Not Entailing Excessive Cost) or BEA (Best Environmental Practices). The paper focuses on a model of a firm's behaviour in the context of traditional or integrated standards, showing how IPPC hinders cross-ambient-pollution- transfer pushing firms to the higher cost frontiers of environmental protection. 1 Introduction 1.1 The standards in environmental policies As known, standards are strange animals in the env

Keywords