MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL TOOL FOR HEALTH EMERGENCIES IN THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Free (open access)
101 - 111
Recent “health disasters” call for reflection on the reduction of the public health risk brought about by the disaster and the response dispensed to pandemic outbreaks, which have revealed organisational and health gaps including global coordination and mobilisation to the event. It is therefore necessary to provide a response to a pandemic by adapting it to the specific characteristics and needs of a specific territory, preparing targeted actions and interventions to contain possible risks to the population and safeguard the maintenance of general activities and services. The objective of this study is to establish a methodology, incorporating risk reduction and preparedness in the design and planning to increase the resilience of local communities, providing guidelines for the drafting of specific area emergency plans. It is necessary to fully optimise the use in emergencies of the resources present on the territory by putting them into a system with local civil protection organisations and to maximise the use of the various assets in relation to the possible evolution of critical situations, directing the activities of forecasting, prevention, rescue and overcoming assigned to several bodies and structures. This is done by applying an innovative methodology, through the use of BIM, which must compose a database useful both for tactical-operational coordination bodies in intervention activities during the management of a crisis, and in the facility management of settlement assets, helping in the planning of technological/environmental maintenance and management activities. Acquisition and sharing of structured data in order to maximise and make more efficient the smart governance and smart economy process of the city, technologically synthesised in a three-dimensional and interactive image of the urban environment.
pandemics, risk, management, tool, health emergency plan, BIM, CIM