WIT Press


AFFORDABILITY AS AN OBSTACLE IN THE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT PROCESS IN EGYPT FOR LOW-INCOMES: CASE OF BASHAYER AL-KHAIR

Price

Free (open access)

Volume

241

Pages

12

Page Range

297 - 308

Published

2020

Paper DOI

10.2495/SDP200241

Copyright

Author(s)

SHERINE SHAFIK, FAHD HEMEIDA, AMR SHARABY

Abstract

Worldwide, governments set their strategies, policies, and regulations to develop affordable houses based on their local low/middle-income categories’ demands. However, affordable housing is directly affecting the housing development process. Some countries do not put this into consideration. This paper has a main aim which is the creation of a checklist to evaluate the affordability of the housing projects so as to evaluate a recent affordable housing project with a comparison between old projects in Egypt. In a national view, Egypt, the supplied unit increased to 500,000 units with only 188,697 occupied units. This represents 37.7% of the supplied units. According to “CAPMAS 2017”, there are 13 million housing units which are not used in Egypt. Therefore, the researcher had to choose qualitative, quantitative, analytical and field methodology to prove the aim of the paper. However, during the recent years the government of Egypt created a housing project named Bashayer Al-Khair, as a first step of the future strategy to create more projects of Bashayer Al-Khair 2, 3. This project was selected to be the case study of the paper in order to evaluate its affordability because it is the first step of many more affordable housing projects to come. Thus, a questionnaire was conducted on 50 local households. Accordingly, the results proved that 77% of the local households are not satisfied with the housing while 22% find that the housing units are not financially affordable. Hence, that results show a high percentage of failure in affordability.

Keywords

affordable housing, housing development, low-income, affordability