WIT Press


PARADOX OF THE META-PRINCIPLES FOR SUSTAINABLE CITIES IN THE MORPHOLOGY AND CONFIGURATION OF THE CITY OF LISBON, PORTUGAL IN THE 20TH CENTURY

Price

Free (open access)

Volume

241

Pages

8

Page Range

71 - 78

Published

2020

Paper DOI

10.2495/SDP200061

Copyright

Author(s)

MARIA CATARINA J. B. SANTOS

Abstract

Over the past few decades, we have lived a world transformation. Not just due to the population growth and high consumption of energy, but also the fast economic growth and the technology revolution. The rapid change of the world also originates from a sustainable conscience. Sustainability has become a need and a target to control, in a healthy way, the rapid urban sprawl and the subsequent exacerbation of social, environmental, and economic problems. However, many of these definitions suggest a range of contradictions, implying the achievement of sustainability. The city often revitalized through its history and constant development. It is essential to understand the morphology and configuration of the city, correctly apply the principles of sustainable development, and create conversions and brownfield developments to new construction opportunities. This paper aims to adjust the use of sustainability as a terminology in the field of sustainable urban development and compare them to the actual morphology and composition of the cities and their development models.

Keywords

cities, climate change, model, adaptability, Lisbon