WIT Press

Microclimate Changes Along A Strong Pollution Gradient In Northern Boreal Forest Zone

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/ECOSUD970571

Volume

22

Pages

12

Published

1997

Size

1,303 kb

Author(s)

M. Kozlov & E. Haukioja

Abstract

We monitored air and soil temperatures around the Severonikel smelter in Monchegorsk (Kola Peninsula, Northwestern Russia) in 1992-1996. Soil froze in autumn/winter and thawed in spring earlier in heavily polluted industrial barrens than in unpolluted forests. Spring and summer soil temperatures were highest in industrial barrens. During the growth season, air temperatures in heavily polluted sites were either lower (in cool days) or higher (in warm days) than in unpolluted forests. Daily mean air temperatures along the pollution gradient could be estimated from records of meteorological station in Monchegorsk, measurements of pollution load, and altitudes of the study sites. Pollution affected microclimate mostly by altering habitat characteris

Keywords