WIT Press


Exhaust Emissions From Modes Of Transport Under Actual Traffic Conditions

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/EQ141062

Volume

190

Pages

12

Page Range

1139 - 1150

Published

2014

Size

1842 kb

Author(s)

J. Merkisz, M. Jacyna, A. Merkisz-Guranowska & J. Pielecha

Abstract

The paper characterizes state-of-the-art PEMS (Portable Emission Measurement System) equipment for exhaust emissions measurement under actual operating conditions. This equipment allows for measurement of the exhaust emissions from all modes of transport. In addition, the paper contains the results of exhaust emission research for engines of a variety of transport applications such as light duty vehicles, heavy-duty vehicles or non-road vehicles (farm tractors, groundwork and forest machinery). Own exhaust emission research results performed under different traffic conditions of new motor vehicles fuelled with different fuels (gasoline, diesel fuel and natural gas) have been compared with the type approval values that define the vehicle emission indexes. The analysis has been performed in relation to a vehicle but the proposed measurement methodology is also knitted to the engine operating conditions. The testing of heavy-duty vehicles described in the book was divided into several stages for which the results obtained for these vehicles were compared for loaded and unloaded vehicles. Ecological advantages of the city buses of different powertrain configurations have been determined (diesel, hybrid) on selected regular bus lines in the city center. Keywords: exhaust emission, portable emission measurement system, real road conditions.

Keywords

exhaust emission, portable emission measurement system, real roadconditions.