WIT Press

Inserting The Environmental Culture As A Specific Element Within EMS In Oil And Gas Industry Operations


Free (open access)





Page Range

363 - 371




320 kb

Paper DOI



WIT Press


A. M. Kadir


The environmental culture (EC) is the total learned behaviour, attitudes, practices and knowledge for the society with respect to maintaining or protecting its natural resources. The development of EC is associated primarily with environmental education, awareness, ethics, and training of employees inside and peoples outside of oil and gas industry operations. EC is considered as a specific element, because it influences on decisions about dealing with environmental problems or accidents. The procedure of inserting EC into an environmental management system (EMS) results in more effective environmental protection management and related problems solving. The oil and gas industry operations are series of functions of cementing, acidizing, stimulation, nitrogen services, coiled tubing, fracturing, filtration, grouting, cleaning, oil recovery, maintenance, transporting, and chemical with mechanical treatment.

As a new topic, EC is defined as a new element, and the procedure of inserting EC into EMS can be done for improved environmental protection, resulting in an efficient EMS for oil and gas industry operations. The most reputable national and international organizations (such as EMAS, BS 7750, GEM1, and IS0 14000 series) do not refer to EC – they did not enter it into their programs because there is a gap in their contents.

As a tactic, inserting EC can achieve the same 17 elements created by International Standards (ISO 14001) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for gaining results of better outcomes for environmental protection.


environmental management system (EMS), environmental culture, environmental awareness, oil and gas industry operations, national and international standards