An Evaluation Of The Effects Of Climate Change On Flood Frequency In The Luvuvhu River Catchment, Limpopo Province, South Africa
Free (open access)
157 - 168
P. M. Kundu, R. L. Singo, J. O. Odiyo, R. N. Nkuna
Climate change poses a great risk to natural resources and agriculture in the Luvuvhu River Catchment. The catchment has experienced floods resulting from higher than normal rainfall associated with the Intertropical Convergence Zone and cyclones, which have caused enormous damage to property and impacted negatively on fauna and flora and human livelihoods. In order to understand the dynamics involved in the effects of climate change in the catchment, annual maximum flow data was used to evaluate flood frequencies. The distribution models used in the study included the Generalized Extreme Value distributions, theGumbel Extreme Value type I distribution, the Log-normal distribution and the Log Pearson type III distribution. The extreme value analysis showed that the Log-normal and Log-Pearson type III distributions provided the best fit, which could be used to derive the probability of occurrence of flood events. The results showed a general increase in the frequency of extreme events, accompanied by floods of higher magnitude.
catchment, climate change, distribution models, flood frequency, rainfall