WIT Press


The Yield And Yield-character Variability Of Traditional Leafy-crop Cucumis Africanus In Response To Variation In Irrigation Intervals And NPK Fertilizer Rates

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SI140071

Volume

185

Pages

10

Page Range

67 - 76

Published

2014

Size

301 kb

Author(s)

R. J. Nkgapele, M. S. Mphosi

Abstract

An experiment laid out in a split-plot design and replicated three times was conducted to study the effects of irrigation frequency (at 2, 4 and 6 day intervals) and NPK fertilizer rates (0 Kg NPK ha−1, 60-40-20 kg NPK ha−1, 120-80-40 kg NPK ha−1 and 180-120-60 kg NPK ha−1) on biomass yield, harvest index (HI), productivity scores, and leaf and non-leaf yield characters of Cucumis africanus. A six day irrigation interval and 60-40-20 kg NPK ha−1 application rate produced significantly higher (P < 0.05) fresh vegetative matter, while apparent and structural HI’s were pronounced when 120-80-40 kg NPK ha−1 was applied. The highest productivity scores were produced by moderate irrigation frequency of four day intervals while applying nutrient mixtures at the rate of 120-80-40 kg NPK ha−1. In conclusion, the study results depict that Cucumis myriocarpus as a dual purpose, leafy vegetable and ethnobotanical crop, can grow with minimal irrigation water application and a moderate supply of nutrients to produce adequate biomass yields for rural households in the Limpopo Province.

Keywords

harvest index, productivity score, leaf length, ethnobotanicals