Designing Escape Routes For Buildings Through An Aggregate Approach
Free (open access)
791 - 802
M. Di Gangi
In this paper a method for the definition of effective destination and escape routes by means of the simulation of pedestrian outflow related to the evacuation of a building is described. The generated feasible alternatives are compared in terms of evacuation time by means of an aggregate assignment model. Such a method can be easily implemented in a spreadsheet and can be used to give a first evaluation of evacuation procedures without performing evacuation drills. It can also be used to give a fast response in identifying critical points on the network. To check the capabilities of the proposed procedure, results obtained from simulations are compared with data recorded from experimentation on a test site conducted in a primary school located in an Italian town.