WIT Press


Designing Escape Routes For Buildings Through An Aggregate Approach

Price

Free (open access)

Paper DOI

10.2495/SDP130661

Volume

173

Pages

12

Page Range

791 - 802

Published

2013

Size

433 kb

Author(s)

M. Di Gangi

Abstract

In this paper a method for the definition of effective destination and escape routes by means of the simulation of pedestrian outflow related to the evacuation of a building is described. The generated feasible alternatives are compared in terms of evacuation time by means of an aggregate assignment model. Such a method can be easily implemented in a spreadsheet and can be used to give a first evaluation of evacuation procedures without performing evacuation drills. It can also be used to give a fast response in identifying critical points on the network. To check the capabilities of the proposed procedure, results obtained from simulations are compared with data recorded from experimentation on a test site conducted in a primary school located in an Italian town.

Keywords

evacuation, simulation